SPECIAL NOTE: This
interview was originally posted and reported for http://www.lordoftherings.nl, the Dutch
member of TheOneRing.net Community. Leo, who is both a TheOneRing.net and Lordoftherings.nl staff member, was
kind enough to translate it into English for us! The questions asked were taken
from lotr.nl and the fans of their site.
Leo and John Howe
Earlier on this morning during your lecture you mentioned there are some
characters you find hard to draw. Can you give us an example?
Ents. Ents are very hard to draw, yeah I find many... I find the Elves very
hard to draw as well because they are so beautiful. I like the way Peter Jackson portrayed Legolas, I think heās great. I mean itās
not at all the way I see him, but I think he looks wonderful. And the other
Elves, Iām very surprised by Elrond, the guy from the Matrix, but I think itās
a great choice, he looks really, really good. Maybe half of the things in the
movie I donāt see the way as the movie does, but Iām not making the movie. Itās
difficult to find men to play Elves you know... Elves should be tall, they
should be incredibly beautiful. Itās difficult to find male faces for such
parts. As for the Ents, I have not seen the way they are going to show the
Ents, I mean, we saw the miniatures they were working on, but I have no idea
what itās going to look like on the big screen.
What was the biggest challenge you faced while working on the movie?
Working next to Alan Lee, heās amazing. Itās a shame he couldnāt be here
(both John Howe and Alan Lee were invited to the Elf Fantasy Fair, but Lee is
currently still working in New Zealand -leo). And the other thing is, you go
into a project like this thinking this is the project of a lifetime, itās a
very important project given the fact that they are only going to do this once.
I thought there was something intriguely valid in Lord of the Rings that I
wanted to do it, but now I realize that what is really interesting about a
project like this is the people you get to meet, the people you get to work
with, the people you get to know...
What was it like working as a concept artist for the Lord of the Rings
movie? How closely did you get to work with the set designers, props designers,
costume designers etc. etc.?
Well... it was all very Īorganicā, there were very few lines drawn. I mean
there were rules, but generally a good idea was a good idea, no matter who it
came from. So there was not really a situation in which everyone else but Peter Jackson could veto an idea. And it
was up to us to simply put forward the best we could come up with, and then it
went from there. And we were allowed to go in and work on the sets ourselves,
and the miniatures... There was a lot of continual feedback going back and
forth all the time.
Did it occur that they would shoot some scenes with a specific costume or
prop, and that it didnāt quite work out so youād have to do it all over again?
Umm... I was mostly involved in the environments and not so much involved,
actually not at all, in the costumes. But occasionally you had to go back and
redo everything. Itās all a question of how things work, you know they work on
paper, they work as a small model but they donāt always work in full size.
Things were being changed all the time.
Are you still involved in post-production, or is all of it done by Alan
(nods) yeah, itās something you canāt do at a distance, Iād love to go back
to New Zealand for it but apparently itās not the order of the day. Iām sure
theyāll manage, they are wrapping up this summer, so...
What do you think is the biggest mistake Peter Jackson made while working on the
I really canāt answer that, thatās a question for him... I have enormous
respect for Peter of course, I didnāt know anything about him before we went to
New Zealand, didnāt have a clue about what heād done, Iād never seen one of his
movies. But the more you get to know him, the more you realize he is really a
grand person, he is honestly one of the people that will go down in filmmaking
history and not just as the maker of thrillers or horror films. Heās capable of
making good, really wonderful drama, so whatever artistic differences we might
have had are really irrelevant.
Can you tell us a bit more about how the work was divided between you and
Howe signing autographs
I think youāll definitely see Alan Leeās work, but I think no one will know
which is his and which is mine exactly, because a lot of things got mixed up.
Alan spent twice as much time on the movie so heāll have a huge amount of
things that look very much like his style. I did Bag End, the interior, and I
did a lot of fiddling around with weapons and armoury and I also did a lot to
do with Mordor, all that black, terrifying stuff. And Alan Lee basically did
the other stuff, Edoras, Minas Tirith, etc. etc. And there were bits and pieces
here and there. They build quite a lot of sets considering ... umm... well,
thereās nothing worse then these movies where you have nothing but landscapes,
a typical Conan the Barbarian-movie, with all those huge landscapes and then
suddenly thereās a city (makes gesture) *klonk*, thereās nothing else around
for miles and miles, but thereās a city. And thatās a thing I think Peter Jackson is working hard to improve
upon, because it has to look real, it has to look like itās supposed to be
there. I donāt know how much they were able to do, but Middle-earth is a place
that is filled with ruins, itās full of people that disappeared and it only has
a fraction of the population it had in the second age. So there should be all
these remains lying around, all these ruins and all these civilizations that
are slowly declining. The Elves that are getting ready to go to the Grey
Havens. And again I donāt know how often youāll come across these things in the
movie but it seems really appropriate, this whole idea that itās the end of an
age and it will never be the same again.
What part of the movie do you think will be Ībigā, will surprise
I think the battle-scenes will be, you know, never seen before. We will all
see when we will go see the movies in December, but I think it will be very
fast. I think... I know all the actors were very good, there was a lot of
emotion in them, I think it was a happy movie in that sense, but I think the
people will be blown away by the things they least expect, and I canāt tell you
Peter Jackson is no fool, he
doesnāt want to go down in history as the man who screwed up Lord of the Rings
for the second time, so... and heās fearless, if he wants something you might
as well step out of the way because youāll get trodden flat if he has to get
past you to get it. He is an amazing man, he really is an astonishing person,
and thereās this amazing set of circumstances before the film ended up in his
hands, for no good reason honestly. Heās not the Ridley Scott or the John
Boorman or the people you would automatically think of it to do it. When he
took it on he made like what, five movies? A young filmmaker, living in New
Zealand, wanted to shoot the whole thing in New Zealand, I think initially
everybody thought it was a crazy scheme. But when you look, you realize that
nowhere else in the world would you have the same landscapes, nowhere else in
the world would you have the room to build the sets that you wanted, because
where they build Edoras for example; anywhere in Europe there would be a castle
on it for the last two thousand years, for as in New Zealand they had 360
degrees of wonderful landscape they could shot. So they could build the whole
thing, and I mean you saw the landscape in New Zealand, it is very similar to
Europe, but itās not quite the same, itās something, something strange, so it
really is Middle-earth. And if the sets and the miniatures and all that are
convincing, and Iām sure that these Kiwiās know what they are doing, it may not
be Hollywood but it is literally the next best thing and even better, and they
just go ahead and did it all. And I canāt imagine now doing it anywhere else,
you couldnāt do it in the States or in Europe Īcause itād cost ten times this
much, and New Zealand turns out to be the best place after all. It was a unique
chance, and Peter Jackson is so strong
willed, people have been asking him to come to Hollywood for ages but he
doesnāt want to, heās just not interested, he wants to make films in New
How do you feel about fantasy-illustrators influencing the vision of
people, for instance if you or Alan Lee or Ted Nasmith draw a Balrog with wings
you try to convince people it has wings.
Well, thatās a problem really. I donāt know if it had wings either, but I
thought wings would be great! I try to make as few decisions I can of that
nature, and I spent a lot of time not drawing things when Iām drawing, because
I think itās very important not to close all the doors and to draw things so,
so tightly that thereās no room left for speculation. The way I see the Balrog
is largely drawn on the way I find them to be in the Silmarillion. Because,
well, the Balrog in Lord of the Rings is the last Balrog, so once there was a
time that these things wandered around in great, great hordes. But thatās just
the way I see them, nothing more. But itās an interesting problem isnāt it?
Because you are condemned to drawing a certain number of things. And you know
Iāve seen these debates about Īshould there be this in Middle-earth or not?ā
And people are so passionate about it, and I find that very hard to understand
because it is just a story...
Do you think the movie will have the same effect on people?
Yeah, itās a funny thing really. Because the way people see the book will
never be the same, because I think there will be some spectacular, really
breathtaking scenes, and itās obviously going to influence the vision people
have. But then again, like Jackson said himself, itās just a movie, and you
donāt have to burn the book when you go see the movie...
Have you seen the Bakshi Lord of the Rings movie/cartoon?
Yeah... Iāve seen it a few times, I didnāt like it. But basically the
changes in both movies are similar. There are things you have to cut because
they only have this much time. I mean Peter is so fortunate to have three
movies. And heās making long movies as far as I know, the cutting he does is
the absolute minimum that he has to do. But obviously Tom Bombadil may never
make it to the screen because he just doesnāt get the story going.
Whatās your favorite scene from the Silmarillion?
Thatās a good question... (thinking)... I donāt think I have one. What I
like about the Silmarillion is that Tolkien is continually going back and forth
with very large stories. You see sweeping masses of people and time, and then
suddenly it comes back into focus on one single person and his story and it
broadens back out again. I think thatās fascinating about the Silmarillion,
because Tolkien does both very well, not only is he capable of writing epic but
heās also capable of putting that aside, dropping down into the picture and
find the tragedy of one person. I donāt have a favorite scene, no; itās all so
grand. I donāt think it would loan itself for a movie.
If you could live in any place in Middle-earth, where would it be?
I donāt know... Iād love to visit, donāt think Iād want to live there...
Do you listen to music when you are drawing?
Err...yeah, but thereās no relation between what I listen to and what I
draw. What do I listen to? Quite a lot of movie soundtracks. A lot of...
(thinking)... I really canāt tell you hehe... How do you come up with these
questions? I love the Mechanics, Springsteen, a lot of classical music. I like
the radio because it has the news...
Are you familiar with the bands that are inspired by Tolkienās work?
Blind Guardian, Glass Hammer...
Yeah of course... we got sent tons of music by people. My favorite Tolkien
inspired musician is... (dramatic pause)... I canāt remember his name, I think
heās dead now. Finlandish (I assume he means Finnish -leo) I think he is, my
god what was his name... I canāt remember hehe... Iāve got a pirate tape at
home, itās very good. Iām looking forward to the movie soundtrack, it should be
Have you been in contact with the Tolkien-estate about your artwork?
Yes, on a professional base. Iāve corresponded with Christopher because he
looks very closely at whatās going on book covers and such things. He gets the
chance to see the sketches from the book covers before the book is released,
obviously itās different for calendars. But when I get commission on a book
cover I draw a sketch, send it to the editor who passes it on to Christopher
who gives his opinion, and then I go ahead and do the picture. So if changes
are to be made, they are made at the stage where it is still a sketch.
Which artists or artistic movements have influenced you the most?
Thatās a very tough question to answer in three words... I mean you have to
place your artistic influences in the order that they come. And when I was very
young I was influenced by illustrators when in fact I donāt quite see it the
same way now, which doesnāt mean I donāt respect their work anymore. I was
blown away by Frank Gazetta when I was fifteen, then I discovered people like
Bernie... all American comic or fantasy-illustrators really. And then I slowly
came to know other, older illustrators. Turn of the century was my favorite
period. And then I slowly became familiar with other artistic movements and all
those other wonderful, wonderful artists. But itās a bit pretentious to make a
list of all these people because there is just so much.
Do you sometimes draw on Tolkienās own art for inspiration?
Well, I draw on his art for information not so much for inspiration. I think
the information contained inside J.R.R. Tolkienās art is very deep, itās a...
what am I trying to say... There is a lot of information directly available
inside his pictures, but the style is very, very different from what Iām doing,
so itās not a question of actually drawing any inspiration from him. But itās a
very clear representation of what he thought, so I find that quite useful some
Do you feel that you are typecast as a Tolkien illustrator?
Apparently yeah hehehe... I get sold because people always want to put tags
on everything. Itās very difficult, in France for instance, itās especially bad
in France, the French like to put labels on people, and a lot of my work gets
done in France, and you immediately get labeled as Tolkien-illustrator. But I
suppose since half of my work has to do with Tolkien itās a label that is
Okay, thank you very much for this interview.
You are welcome...
Go to John
Howe's Image Gallery at Rolozo Tolkien
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